Animal species affected

The species presented here are particularly frequent victims of illegal killings. Discover detailed descriptions of the individual species, including their characteristic identifying features, endangerment and conservation status and the most common methods of illegal killing.

  • resemble large shepherd dogs or huskies
  • Straight backline
  • Coat color: mixture of grey, brown and black
  • hanging, relatively short tail with black tip
  • Special features: In contrast to dogs, the footprints run in a straight line (laced trot).
  • German Red List: Critically endangered
  • Austria: Extinct
  • International: Annex II Bern Convention
  • EU level: strictly protected Annex II & IV Habitats Directive
  • Germany: strictly protected (§ 44 BNatschG)
  • Austria: protected under hunting and / or nature conservation law (regional differences)
  • Illegal removal punishable under the Criminal Code

 

  • Shooting
  • Wolves are also occasionally found mutilated or disappear without a trace.

Wolf

Canis lupus

After having been extinct for a long time, the wolf is returning from the east and has been settling in Germany for 20 years and in Austria for a few years now. The confirmed population in Germany is over 1,300 animals, in Austria there are 45 individuals. Wolves live in packs and are mainly active at dusk and at night.

Headline

Description

Another headline

Keine Daten vorhanden

Another description

  • High-legged (back higher than front)
  • Long ear tufts (also called “brushes”)
  • short tail with black end
    Whiskers
  • spotted coat, reddish-brown (summer), and light brown-grey (winter)
  • German Red List: critically endangered
  • Austria: partially critically endangered or extinct
  • Shooting
  • Occasionally, lynx are also strangled or poisoned.

Lynx

Lynx lynx

The lynx is the largest European cat species. Formerly very widespread, there are now just around 130 – 180 individuals in Germany and around 40 animals in Austria after the species was severely decimated. Their habitat is mainly forests, but also barren, rocky mountain regions. They are nocturnal and crepuscular loners that usually only come together during the mating season. They undertake nocturnal expeditions of up to 40 kilometers.

Headline

Description

Another headline

Keine Daten vorhanden

Description

  • flat, scaly tail (“trowel”)
  • Large, reddish front teeth
  • Coat color ranges from light reddish brown to almost black.
  • German Red List: near threatened
  • Austria: near threatened
  • International: Annex II Bern Convention
  • EU level: strictly protected Annex II & IV Habitats Directive
  • Germany: strictly protected (§ 44 BNatschG)
  • Austria: Protected under hunting and nature conservation law (state laws)
  • Shooting, trapping
  • Beaver lodges are also frequently destroyed.

Beaver

Castor fiber

The beaver is the largest European rodent and was on the verge of extinction for a long time. There are now over 40,000 animals living in Germany again, and around 9,000 in Austria. Beavers inhabit both flowing and standing waters – preferably surrounded by forests. As ecosystem engineers, they strongly shape their habitat and are known for building so-called beaver lodges in which they live in family groups. They are active at dusk and at night.

Headline Chart 1

Test

Another chart

Keine Daten vorhanden

  • elongated body, long tail
  • extremely dense, brown coat
  • marten-like appearance
  • German Red List: vulnerable
  • Austrian Red List: Critically Endangered
  • International: Annex II Bern Convention
  • EU level: strictly protected Annex II & IV Habitats Directive
  • Germany: strictly protected (§ 44 BNatschG)
  • Austria: strictly protected according to hunting law and / or nature conservation law (state differences) (NatSchG)
  • Shooting, trapping

Eurasian otter

Lutra lutra

Otters are members of the marten family that are perfectly adapted to both water and land life. Rivers, marshes, swamps, fjords, sea coasts as well as high mountain and lowland lakes are among their habitats. They are mainly crepuscular and nocturnal, but can also be found as solitary animals during the day. They seek shelter in riverbank caves, under the roots of old trees or in muskrat burrows.

Headline Chart 1

Keine Daten vorhanden

Test

Another headline chart

Keine Daten vorhanden

  • striking muscular hump
  • striking sexual dimorphism (males larger and heavier than females)
  • Horns bent inwards
  • German Red List: Extinct
  • Austrian Red List: Extinct

To date, two bison have been illegally shot in Germany.

European bison

Bison bonasus

The European bison is a relative of the American bison and the largest land mammal in Europe. There is only a very small population in Germany; Eastern Europe has the main populations. The cloven-hoofed animals inhabit structurally rich landscapes consisting of deciduous, mixed and coniferous forests as well as clearings, pastures and meadows. European bison mainly form herds, only older bulls live solitary lives. They do not have typical territories, but live in large roaming areas that can overlap.

Headline Chart 1

  • long, heavy body
  • muscular neck
  • short stub tail
  • German Red List: Extinct
  • Austrian Red List: Extinct
  • International: Annex II Bern Convention
  • EU level: strictly protected Annex II & IV Habitats Directive
  • Germany: strictly protected (§ 44 BNatschG)
  • Austria: strictly protected according to hunting law and / or nature conservation law (state differences) (NatSchG)
  • Shooting
  • Many bears also disappear without a trace (in Austria, 22 of the 31 newborn bears have disappeared in recent years).

Brown bear

Ursus arctos

European brown bears are the second largest bears in the world and the largest predators in Europe. Once widespread throughout the continent, the animals are now only found in very few regions. In Central Europe, they inhabit forests in valleys and mountain regions. There is no existing population in Germany or Austria. However, there are occasional crossings of Austrian-Italian or Slovenian individuals into Austria or Bavaria. There are 2 – 3 brown bears in Austria (2018-2020), while there are around 80 individuals in the Alps (2019). European brown bears tend to be nocturnal, which may be due to human activity. They hibernate in winter, live solitary lives and have no fixed territories.

Headline Chart 1

Keine Daten vorhanden

Headline number 2

Keine Daten vorhanden

  • Strong, yellow, hooked beak
  • Brown feathers with striking, lighter-coloured feather base
  • wide, rounded, brown tail
  • German Red List: Least Concern
  • Austrian Red List: Regionally Extinct
  • International: Annex II Bern Convention
  • EU level: strictly protected Annex II & IV Habitats Directive
  • Germany: strictly protected (§ 44 BNatschG)
  • Austria: strictly protected according to hunting law and / or nature conservation law (state differences) (NatSchG)
  • Shooting

Eurasian Goshawk

Accipiter gentilis

The goshawk is one of the most frequently persecuted birds of prey in Germany and is found in almost all of Europe. The birds inhabit forests, meadows and increasingly also cities. Goshawks form permanent breeding pairs, but outside the breeding phase the animals live separately. They defend their territories intensively and, as resident birds, usually remain in them all year round.

Illegally killed animals in Germany

Keine Daten vorhanden

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat, sed diam voluptua.

Illegally killed animals in Austria

Keine Daten vorhanden

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat, sed diam voluptua.

  • Distinctively pointed feather ears (up to eight centimetres long)
  • roundish but strong body
  • German Red List: Least Concern
  • Austrian Red List: Least Concern
  • International: Annex II in the Bern Convention
  • EU: Annex I Birds Directive
  • Germany: strictly protected (§7 Abs.) 2 Nr.13-14 BNatSchG) bzw. to spare all year (§2 Bundesjagdgesetz (BJagdG))
  • Austria: strictly protected according to hunting law and / or nature conservation law (state differences) (NatSchG)

 

  • Shooting, nest destruction, poisoning

Eurasian eagle-owl

Bubo bubo

The eagle owl is the largest owl in Europe. In Central Europe, the species inhabits forests and fields and prefers to breed in relatively inaccessible rock formations or quarries. In Germany there are up to 1,000 breeding pairs, in Austria it is estimated that there are between 360 and 530. The animals are nocturnal and excellent hunters. As resident birds, they do not migrate in winter and intensively defend the narrower area around their nest.

Headline Chart 1

Keine Daten vorhanden

Another chart headline

Keine Daten vorhanden

  • Feathers are dark brown to white, spotted, with a lighter coloured belly
  • short tail feathers
  • German Red List: Least Concern
  • Austrian Red List: Least Concern
  • International: Annex II in the Bern Convention
  • EU: Annex I Birds Directive
  • Germany: strictly protected (§7 Abs.) 2 Nr.13-14 BNatSchG) or to spare all year (§2 Bundesjagdgesetz (BJagdG))
  • Austria: strictly protected according to hunting law and / or nature conservation law (state differences) (NatSchG)
  • Poisoning
  • Shooting

Common buzzard

Buteo buteo

The common buzzard is one of the most common birds of prey in Germany and Austria. The favoured habitat consists of fields, forest edges and avenues. Buzzards are resident birds and are fairly territorial. Breeding pairs can stay together for life. They often hunt from fences and poles in search of prey.

Headline Chart 1

Keine Daten vorhanden

Another chart

Keine Daten vorhanden

  • reddish-red base colour
  • forked tail
  • German Red List: near threatened
  • Austrian Red List: Vulnerable
  • International: Annex II in the Bern Convention
  • EU: Annex I Birds Directive
  • Germany: strictly protected (§7 Abs.) 2 Nr.13-14 BNatSchG) or to spare all year (§2 Bundesjagdgesetz (BJagdG))
  • Austria: strictly protected according to hunting law and / or nature conservation law (state differences) (NatSchG)
  • Poisoning
  • Shooting

Red kite

Milvus milvus

Red kites are common birds of prey. They inhabit fields, meadows and open cultivated landscapes. While Germany is home to the world’s largest population, Austrian numbers are also constantly growing. Depending on the seasonal food situation, the birds either stay in Germany and Austria or migrate for the winter.

Headline Chart 1

Keine Daten vorhanden

Test Chart 2

Keine Daten vorhanden

  • dark, brown basic colour with light head and neck
  • white tail
  • wide wings
  • German Red List: Least Concern
  • Austrian Red List: Endangered
  • International: Annex II in the Bern Convention
  • EU: Annex I Birds Directive
  • Germany: strictly protected (§7 Abs.) 2 Nr.13-14 BNatSchG) or to spare all year (§2 Bundesjagdgesetz (BJagdG))
  • Austria: strictly protected according to hunting law and / or nature conservation law (state differences) (NatSchG)
  • Poisoning

White-tailed eagle (sea eagle)

Haliaeetus albicilla

The white-tailed eagle is the largest European bird of prey and was once widespread throughout most of the continent. It uses rivers, inland lakes and sea coasts for hunting and undisturbed forests as breeding grounds. The animals are resident birds in Central Europe and remain in their territories throughout the winter. There is also a strong influx of Nordic birds at this time.

Headline Chart 1

Keine Daten vorhanden

Chart 2

Keine Daten vorhanden

  • large eagle with evenly wide wings
  • dark, almost unicoloured black-brown plumage with white shoulder patches
  • light to golden brown neck and head
  • German Red List: –
  • Austrian Red List: Endangered
  • International: Annex II in the Bern Convention
  • EU: Annex I Birds Directive
  • Germany: strictly protected (§7 Abs.) 2 Nr.13-14 BNatSchG) or to spare all year (§2 Bundesjagdgesetz (BJagdG))
  • Austria: strictly protected according to hunting law and / or nature conservation law (state differences) (NatSchG)
  • Poisoning
  • Shooting

Imperial eagle

Aquila heliaca

The species occurs mainly in the Pannonian Plain (Lower Austria and Burgenland, and further towards south-east Europe). After being wiped out more than 200 years ago, the bird is returning to Austria. Imperial eagles use flat and hilly forests and wind-protected lowlands as breeding habitats. They form permanent marriages and remain in fixed territories.

Headline Chart 1

Keine Daten vorhanden

chart 2

Keine Daten vorhanden

  • Females and young birds are dark brown with a light yellow head
  • Males are tricoloured: dark brown body and belly, light grey middle wing area and black wing tips
  • German Red List: Least Concern
  • Austrian Red List: Near Threatened
  • International: Annex II in the Bern Convention
  • EU: Annex I Birds Directive
  • Germany: strictly protected (§7 Abs.) 2 Nr.13-14 BNatSchG) or to spare all year (§2 Bundesjagdgesetz (BJagdG))
  • Austria: strictly protected according to hunting law and / or nature conservation law (state differences) (NatSchG)
  • Poisoning
  • Shooting

Marsh harrier

Circus aeruginosus

Marsh harriers are a common medium-sized bird of prey species in Germany and partly in Austria. They are not found in Central Europe during the winter, as they are migratory birds. They breed near water and hunt on open land, but rarely form territories. When flying, their upward-pointing wings form a V-shape.

Headline Chart 1

Keine Daten vorhanden

Chart 2

Keine Daten vorhanden

  • dark grey upper side, black-banded white underside
  • black beard stripe on the cheeks
  • yellow hooked beak
  • German Red List: Least Concern
  • Austrian Red List: Pre-warning list
  • International: Annex II in the Bern Convention
  • EU: Annex I Birds Directive
  • Germany: strictly protected (§7 Abs.) 2 Nr.13-14 BNatSchG) or to spare all year (§2 Bundesjagdgesetz (BJagdG))
  • Austria: strictly protected according to hunting law and / or nature conservation law (state differences) (NatSchG)
  • Poisoning
  • Shooting

Peregrine falcon

Falco peregrinus

Peregrine falcons are one of the largest falcon species and are found almost all over the world. They are also the fastest animals in the world with a top speed of around 350 km/h. Wooded areas, steep rock faces and man-made structures provide ideal breeding grounds for the animals, while large, open areas are used for hunting. Older animals are resident birds, but juveniles migrate to warmer regions.

Illegally killed animals in Germany

Keine Daten vorhanden

Keine Daten vorhanden

Do you need support with reporting a case?

If so, use our guidelines for combating wildlife crime

Strong Partners

© 2024 wildLIFEcrime